Graphic Designer

Graphic Designer


41 Years Experience

Marbella, ES

Male, 58

I have been in the graphic design industry since 1981 working in London, Los Angeles & Spain. My career started in the traditional way on a drawing board, using Rotoring Pens, Magic Markers, Pantone Pens & Letraset working as a Designer/Visualiser/Artworker. My design career has taken me through the music, toy, t-shirt, packaging & print industry. I am now a freelance graphic designer (British) based in Spain with many clients worldwide using Photoshop, Illustrator & InDesign on a Mac.

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136 Questions


Last Answer on September 13, 2021

Best Rated

Do employers care about diplomas over certificate when hiring a graphic designer?

Asked by Courtney about 8 years ago

When I see recruitment adverts for graphic designers I see that a lot are asking for at least 2 - 3 years experience and some kind of degree. So they do help ...but at the end of the day it is your portfolio and creativity that will get you the job. Before I was freelance all the jobs I had I was never asked for my diploma certificate (I did have one) ...but it was my portfilo that got me the job. Hope this helps.

Your reply to my question was "I m purely graphic design & don't get involved in matte or digital painting". Fine, but I m confused now. Does it mean Graphic Design isn't related to Digital or Matte Painting at all even if its done in Photoshop?

Asked by Smriti about 8 years ago

I design logos, magazines, marketing materials etc... thats what a graphic designer does. It depends on what you mean by digital painting ...if you mean creating a work of art with photoshop etc, that makes you a digital artist, of which I am not. As part of my design skills I do manipulate and retouch photos ...but all designers have to do that at some point in their career. I see many people say they are a graphic designer just because they own photoshop ...but they do not know how to design. I hope that answers your question. 

What steps do you take when you create work that needs to be printed? I am creating an invitation through Photoshop but the graphics I usually create are only for web and print feels like a whole different beast. What criteria to you use for printers

Asked by Lucero over 8 years ago

Designers that work mainly on web make the same mistake all the time ...which is, when asked to do a print design they do it in RGB and low res ...because that is the spec they only know and always work in.

So when doing a print job (such as the invitation you want to do) make sure the document settings are CMYK (not RGB), 300dpi (not 72dpi) and if the design will bleed off the edge of the page allow for at least 3mm bleed (extra space off the edge of the design).

To be honest Photoshop is not the best tool for designing invitations etc. Photoshop should be used for web graphics, photos, image retouching etc. I always use InDesign for this and import any relevent photoshop images I need. Also any vector illustrations i need i do in Illustrator.

Hope this helps

Do I must have to be a perfect on drawing by hand to be a graphic designer? I am good working on Adobe software's.

Asked by michael almost 8 years ago

No not really, but it does help. But the main thing about being a designer is being creative. It doesnt matter how good you are on the Adobe software, if you are not creative then it means nothing. Its like saying 'I know how to use a oven so does that make me a chef' it doesnt. There are too many people out there that think just because they have a computer with photoshop etc that are now suddenly designers ..sorry but it doesnt work like that. I may sound harsh but I see so much bad design out there that has been done by so called designers ...I know all potential designers have to start somewhere ...but the first starting point is to be creative ...not the software you use ...and being creative on paper is a good starting point.

Have you ever gotten to design movie posters or t-shirts? What's the hardest part of doing the design?

Asked by newliving about 8 years ago

Back in 1981 I did work in the music and video industry in London so got to design record sleeves, t-shirts and posters for new record and video releases. But didn't design a movie poster as such. All this was before computers so a lot of the design work was done as marker pen visuals then I was off to a photo studio to direct the photographer with the product or models ...all fantastic for me as I was only 19 at the time. Coming up with a design was not difficult ...if you are creative a passionate about design (as I am) ...the design process flows. In 1988 I was working in Los Angeles designing purely t-shirt graphics ...again this was beore computers were used for design work and so all my designs had to be hand drawn ready to be burnt onto the silk screens. This was more difficult than doing marker pen visuals as the drawings (including hand lettering) had to be accurate). I remember the LA Dodgers were in the World Series in '88 and I was on standby to design their official celebration t-shirts if they one. They did win and had to work through the night doing 2 versions in English and one in Spanish because the 'pitcher' was Mexican it was for the Mexican fans. I already had sketched out ideas so knew what to design.

Nowadays coming up with design ideas is a lot easier as we have the internet at our fingertips to do research long as you do not copy, ideas are out there to get inspiration from.


How is this effect made on the pictures? Thanks in advance!

Asked by Dale about 8 years ago

The way I do it is that I draw over the photo in illustrator so I have a vector version I can colour (see my profile pic). But the other option is to place the photo into Adobe Illustrator and use the trace option to convert to vector and then convert to live paint to manually change the colours. You may have to experiment with the settings in the trace option to get the look you require.


I'm new to printing industry, setting Illustrator files for foiling, uv stamp, glitter, emboss etc. Some say the colour of the treatment layer should be 100% black, some say it should be a spot colour(which one?)? Which is correct?

Asked by Nita almost 8 years ago

100% black is always the safest to use as you know it definitely doesnt have a mix of any other colour in it.