Graphic Designer

Graphic Designer

paulscottondesign

35 Years Experience

Marbella, ES

Male, 53

I have been in the graphic design industry since 1981 working in London, Los Angeles & Spain. My career started in the traditional way on a drawing board, using Rotoring Pens, Magic Markers, Pantone Pens & Letraset working as a Designer/Visualiser/Artworker. My design career has taken me through the music, toy, t-shirt, packaging & print industry. I am now a freelance graphic designer (British) based in Spain with many clients worldwide ...now using Photoshop, Illustrator & InDesign on a Mac.

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Last Answer on April 20, 2017

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You mentioned the need for clear client briefs. What happens in the situation where a client believes he's briefed you correctly, and you've produced the wrong design? Do you charge him additionally to fix it, or do you acknowledge the mistake and fix at no additional charge?

Asked by sizzlin over 5 years ago

Ah, haaaa ...I beat you to it and answered that in the above question!

Is an eye for good design something you're born with, or do you think it's a skill that you can develop with practice?

Asked by Pauline2 over 5 years ago

That I don't know ...I was told that I was very creative from when I was a young infant, so I guess I was born with it. I have had students work with me that just cannot be creative no matter how hard they tried ...but I also know people that are not in this field and are very creative. So I think it has to be in your blood and you must have a passion for design to do well in this industry. There is a lot of competition out there ...but there are also a lot of people that call themselves designers but not up to scratch and need a lot more practice. I am lucky to have started before computers were around so know how to be creative on and off the computer, but nowadays a lot of students leaving college having only been taught on the computer and wouldnt know what to do with a pencil and paper which is sad really.

Do graphic designers typically charge by the hour, or by the project?

Asked by Jessamine over 5 years ago

It depends on the job itself ...I used to charge by the hour and many designers still do. But now, personally, I give an estimate on the project based on their brief stating that after the work is done if they ask for major changes that was not in the original brief the price will go up according to how much work is involved ...that tends to make sure the client gives a precise brief at the start. But as for by the hour or per project, that is down to each individual designer ...everyone has their own way of working.

What's a reasonable hourly rate for an experienced graphic designer? And how much can a graphic designer make in a year?

Asked by Fleischer over 5 years ago

That varies from around the world. For example freelance rates for a designer in London are very high ..but in a country like India they are very low. I used to charge between 40 and 50 euros an hour ...but now charge per project ...then any extras on top of the project I charge by the hour. Clients prefer to hear a project price rather than by the hour so it gives them a better idea on their budget. Again, yearly wages for a designer can vary around the world. In London a good designer working for a reasonable design agency can earn anything up to £30,000 to £40,000 a year ...depending on the quality of the clients the agency has. Freelancers can earn a lot more ...again depending on the quality of the clients.

What are your thoughts on Steve Jobs? Have you read his biography yet?

Asked by JIO over 5 years ago

He was an aspiring man ...he changed the way people looked at computers and I would like to thank him for bring Macs into the world. I havent had time to read his book yet, but I will soon.

My brother's avideographer and swears that anyone not using a Mac for design work is an idiot. Do graphic designers NEED a Mac, or have PCs closed the gap?

Asked by MinNguen over 5 years ago

I agree to a point ...but wouldnt go far as calling them an idiot as it is down to preference of the designer. I have always used a Mac since they came onto the market. I once did use Photoshop and InDesign on a clients PC before ...but even though the software was the same the PC made it difficult to use ...everything looked different the keyboard shortcuts I use all the time did not work the same and the colour calibration of the screen was all wrong. Macs are built for design work they are far more versatile and easier to use in this field and nowadays the news macs can be run as a PC and a Mac, you can partition the hard drive to run both Mac and PC software ...but I havent on mine ...no need for me. I recommend all potential designers to use a Mac. But if you are going to do HTML and coding too I have always been told that a PC is better ...but I couldnt say if that is true or not. I do design websites but only as Photoshop PSD files and collaborate with webmasters on the tech side of things. But as for your question, I dont think PCs will ever close the gap in the design world, Mac will always be the leader in that field ...so listen to your brother.

What websites would you recommend for sourcing high-quality, affordable freelance graphic design work?

Asked by mistersmith over 5 years ago

Most sites like this you have to compete against many other designers all over the world and its pretty tough as many bid ridiculously low prices (mainly from India) and win the bidding. But you can search through projects on this website... http://99designs.com and submit designs without having to bid for it as the price is already set. And if your design is chosen you win the set price and maybe get more work from the client too. Its a good way to build up your portfolio even if your design does not get chosen. But I tend to advertise myself on Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin etc and go to as many local networking events as possible with a load of business cards in my hand ...and if there are no local networking groups ...well there is your chance to organise one and be first in line for all the businesses that require design work. I get all my work from networking and social networking ...and I am always busy.

What would you say are the most important attributes that make for a good CLIENT? I'm sure you deal with some tough ones ...

Asked by sizzlin over 5 years ago

Well, as the last couple of years has been tough going during the financial crisis ...so making sure a client has the abilities to pay has been a big priority to me, especially in Spain where it has been hard work chasing money. But I stayed strong through the crisis and now business is fantastic with great clients. Secondly, a good client should give a clear brief on their requirements. There is nothing worse than spending hours on a design to find out that I was briefed incorrectly and having to start again. Thirdly, I personally like a client that is honest about my design ...I hate to think a client just says yes they like it just to be kind ...I always tell them to be honest with me as I have been in the business long enough to take criticism.

What commercial product or architectural work do you think is most underrated from a design perspective?

Asked by Steven over 5 years ago

Interesting question. I think there are many overrated and underrated designs and architectures all over the world ..I honestly can't put my finger on one right now. I must say though that there are many underrated designers out there that need to be recognised for their work not just one project. Us designers work very hard to bring creativity into this world and deserve more credit than we get.

How much formal schooling or training does someone need to become a graphic designer?

Asked by jenteel over 5 years ago

I do not know what the standard training is nowadays as it's been a long time since I was in college ...I did a 3 year course at an art college in the UK back in 1978. I studied Graphic Design/Point of Sale. We were taught how to design and visualise on paper plus had drawing classes and cardboard engineering. But now it s all taught on computers ...like how to use photoshop, illustrator, indesign etc, not sure if it is still done on paper too. I could have done a 4th year at college and get letters after my name, but was too keen to get into the real world of design and was offered a job designing record sleeves in London ...which was a cool job to have at my age in the 80's. I am now self taught on a Mac with all the relevant software and been using Macs since they first come out with tiny b/w screens. I taught myself on a Mac SE Classic ...google it ...you will laugh. I now work on a 27" imac ...but still do initial designs on paper when I have time. I have been asked many times to teach graphic design at the Marbella Design School here in Spain, but I am too busy with my work to do it, plus I am not good at standing up in front of a load of people giving a lecture. But to answer your question ...it used to be 3 to 4 years training in my time but havent got a clue what it is now. ...but it is always best to get the training to prepare you for the journey ahead in this career path. Try and learn the IT side too ...like coding websites ...I cant do that so I collaborate with people that do.

Any recommendations on the fastest way to learn Photoshop?

Asked by bmc over 4 years ago

There isn't really a fast way to learn Photoshop ...you have to learn it in stages. I started using Photoshop when it first came out ...I was teaching myself on a Mac SE Classic and a black and white screen ...also there was no internet or online tutorials back then. And too be honest I am still learning ...even though I would call myself an expert now, there is always something new to learn and I find myself reverting back to online tutorials. A good way is to find a local class that teaches you the basics ...there is nothing better than having a good experienced teacher to guide you through the basics as it is not easy to learn and there is a lot to take in. Alternatively you need to Google tutorials online. A good one that I found was here... http://psd.tutsplus.com You need to put by some time to sit for a couple of hours with no interruptions and concentrate on the basics before you go full steam ahead into a complicated image. Once you know the basics you will understand the instructions in more complicated lessons. Hope this helps ...good luck!

Are graphics designers and web designers the same thing?

Asked by Trickett about 4 years ago

It's a mistaken belief by many clients that they are ...but in my opinion they are 2 different careers. I am a graphic designer and never say I am a web designer. I say I design web graphics but not the whole package. Many web designers though like to think they are graphic designers but in reality they usually use off the shelf templates. Most web designers are developers/coders and have no interest in design and visa versa for graphic designers.

I personally outsorce all coding/programming to web designers I collaborate with, but I do design web page layouts in photoshop ...which I admit I find a little boring so usually give it to a junior designer to do who are usually happy to take it on for experience.

Hope that answers your question.

i am currently studying graphic design in mexico and im moving to the UK when ive finished would i have trouble finding a job...

Asked by gabriela about 4 years ago

Even though I am British I have been based in Spain for the last 10 years so not sure on the job opportunities in the UK. It might be worth finding a company that takes on student exchanges which will get your foot in the door at least ...then it is up to you to prove your worth. Otherwise you need to do an extensive search online for companies recruiting around the time you move there.

Sorry I can t give more help than that. Good luck for the future.

I've been doing some graphics for a non-profit company and I've been using some stock from the internet. I know some or most of the images might be copyrighted. What would be the best way to approach this issue?

Asked by Adam over 3 years ago

Well, whether the company is non-profit or not you should not use copyrighted material without either asking permission to use it, buying it or including a link to the owner (if they agree on you using it). Maybe approach the company that you did the work for and explain that you accidently used some copyrighted material and need to replace it ...they should understand  the reason as they could be in trouble too. Then you need to find or buy some uncopyrighted material to replace it with.

I saved all my photos onto some flash drives, they were all fine when I first transferred them, but now almost all of them are choppy and distorted. I have no other copies of these photos, is there anything I can do to fix them? Thanks.

Asked by Hannah about 4 years ago

Well, firstly I am not sure why the photos would have gone like that on your flash drive ...only a PC techy could answer that one. And as for fixing them it really depends on how badly distorted they are. If not too bad you can restore them in photoshop ...thats is if you are good at photoshop and retouching images. Other than that all I can suggest is always keep photos, documents etc backed up in more than one place (too late for you now, but good to do it from now). I learnt my lesson the hard way ...about 4 years ago my hard drive crashed and I lost 7 years of photos and music because I never backed up my personal stuff ...but luckily I did back up my clients work. Now I have my back up running every hour onto an external hardrive and now and again I copy the back up onto another drive.

Hi! Im creating a logo and need help creating a "logo breaking though a wall" look. Any advice? I am using illustrator and/or photoshop. any sites you recommend that might give tutorials?
Thanks so much!
Ariella

Asked by Ariella about 4 years ago

Basically its down to how good you are at illustration and perspective drawing and plenty of research on the web. Here is a helping hand with sample images... http://www.google.com/search?q=logo+breaking+through+wall&hl=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=SKJnUYCQDcjwhQe38IGoDA&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1749&bih=1082

But as for tutorials, I havent seen any that fit your requirements, but the images on the link I sent you are a starting point. Research is the key point ...but do not do direct copies of other peoples work.

This tutorial may help with perspective drawing in Illustrator... http://tv.adobe.com/watch/illustrator-cs5-feature-tour/perspective-drawing/ ...its a bit advanced though.

Hope this helps.

What products in the last year have made you sit up and take notice because of their beautiful design?

Asked by Go ON almost 4 years ago

Sorry for the delay in response to this question ...our little baby girl was born on Tuesday the 11th June and was kept in hospital for 3 days, so was there with her ...but she is fine now and we are finally at home.

So it is very apt to say a little baby is a perfect design that has made me sit up and take notice.

But in the design world, all concept designs that I see, whether a car, furniture, electronic items, etc, are beautifully designed ...its just a shame that most do not go into production.

I've been offered a freelance job to do a season's worth of playbills for a theater that's part of a university. The client said that they "typically don’t do a credit line for writers or designers." Should I request to be credited before I accept?

Asked by nar about 4 years ago

Good question. Well if you are doing them for free then yes you should be allowed to put your own credit on them. But if the client is paying you then it is under their discretion whether to let you put it on them or not. But the choice is yours if you want to turn the job down because of this.

How many years do you think web design standards last before they look outdated? For example: do you already look at things from 2010 or 2011 and think Man, that looks so outdated!

Asked by TrezChic almost 4 years ago

I think web design i 2010 / 2011 is not much different to now ...for years web templates have been used and they basically all look the same. I personally do not use off the shelf templates if I have to design a site ...but its not my favourite job and always pass it to a junior.

I am sure over the next few years there will be a big difference to how websites look, especially with all the new technology being used now ...and that Flash is not really being used due to the fact it doesnt work on ipads or iphones etc. Future websites, in my opinion, will start to look more basic but with more functions and interactivity.

Hello. I am a 'go between' for a few designers. Must I have Illustrator to be able to download/share .ai files? Is there an option beside using a 'dropbox' like tool? Thanks!

Asked by nicole almost 4 years ago

No you dont need Illustrator to download or share .ai files ...only if you want to open them. I use DropBox to share files with clients so it is a good solution for the requirements ...but there are many file sharing options out there ...too many to list, but another one I use is sendit.com

I am always receiving files from clients and they all have their own favourite way of sending them.

I want to design my own website loading screen page but don't know how. I'm using (I'm creator website maker page) how do I make the animation then make it compatible to I'm creator? What do I need to download. Please help

Asked by add loading page website? over 3 years ago

I'm afraid I cant help you here ...I am purely a graphic designer and all my work is based on being creative. I do not know anything about animation or web programs such as Creator. I am sure there must be tuturiols online somewhere for learning this. Sorry I cant help ...good luck in finding what you need.

Do you like being brought in AFTER a product is functional and just needs a facelift, or would you rather be involved right from inception?

Asked by CKing almost 4 years ago

No not really ...but a client is a client and if I can prove I can do better than what they have had done by someone else it makes me look good and hopefully get referrals for more work. I get a lot of clients that decided to go the cheap route for design and using options like DIY on there own computer or outsourcing to somewhere in India or a friend of a friend can do it cheap for a favour. Then they realise a few months down the line that the artwork has been lost or designer is not contactable anymore and cant access the artwork. I have done many rescue jobs before ...and then won the client for ongoing work.

I there. I am currently designing a business card for a mechanic. He requested a Camaro on it. Most pictures I find are editorial use only. How do I get around this? Is there anywhere I can get a picture that is for commercial use?

Asked by Mandy over 3 years ago

Most stock photo library sell royalty free commercial use photos not just for editorial use. Have you tried sites like www.shutterstock.com www.gettyimages.com www.istock.com www.fotolia.com ...hope this helps.

I have an update to your question, Google have now added a image search feature so you can search for images that can be used commercially. Search for a camero image as usual then choose 'Search tools' at the top ...then it gives you the option to filter it for 'Labeled for commercial re-use' ...this is a fantastic addition to the search tools so will be very useful to me too.

Hello! My name is Sequoia McCray and I am a student at the Brentwood Freshman Center. In my Honors English class we have to do a career project and the career that I chose was a graphic designer. In this project we were required to interview the pers

Asked by Sequoia almost 3 years ago

Hi Sequoia, I dont think it is a good idea to put you name and what college you are studying at in a public area like this. Also I dont think I can give out my contact details via this medium as it is not a place to publicise my company. I am happy to answer a few questions you may want to put on here, but I suggest that you would benefit a great deal more in approaching a Graphic Designer in your area and interviewing them face to face ...probably would give you bonus points in your course too.

Photo Paint is nothing less than the Photoshop...! If you can't guide me in switching between the two, kindly guide me some basic tutorials fo PS.. Thanks...!

Asked by UMER Qaiser over 3 years ago

Hi, there are many tutourials out there and the only way I would be able to find them would to Google search them ...so unfortunately that is what I suggest to you. I have been using Photoshop since in first came out many years ago and online tuturials didnt exist then, so the only option I had was to teach myself. Even many years later I am still learning but have never used an online tuoturial. But I am guessing that lessons online are more advanced now so Google search 'Basic Photoshop' and you should get many results. Sorry I cant be of more help.

I've this very important question sir:

"I have expertise in Corel's Photo-Paint, but now I've a good job opportunity for Adobe Photoshop Designer."
My Question is simply: "WHAT ARE MAJOR DIFFERENCES IN BETWEEN THESE 2 GIANTS...?"

Asked by UMER Qaiser over 3 years ago

I will be very honest with you ...I have never used Corel Photo Paint and so I do not know the difference. But I do know that Adbobe Photoshop is the industry leader when it comes to design and is what most graphic designers use. I am sure if you obtain photoshop and look at online tutourials you will pick it up very quick as I assume Corel has similar functions etc. Good luck.

I am a designer myself, but have a project where I need to use images of vintage products such as: the first Crayola box or the first Barbie doll. Normally, I'd take a photo of it and use the photo, but how can I do this if don't have the item?

Asked by Paul E over 3 years ago

I guess the only option you have is to search stock image librarys such as Shutterstock, istock and Fotolia etc ...I think Getty Images specialise in vintage images. Or another possible option is to contact Crayola and the makers of Barbie to see if they have a photo to use for your project.

Hope this helps

How often do you advertise?

Asked by Kiran Dean about 3 years ago

Never ...I don't need too. All my work comes via word of mouth and online social media. I belong to 2 networking groups which I attend every week. I do not think a graphic designer needs to advertise, especially nowadays ...your online portfolio should be enough ...just spread the word on online media for free.

Is competition a big issue in graphic designing?

Asked by Kiran Dean about 3 years ago

Not really (for me anyway). As long as your work is good and prices are competitive there is enough work to go round for everyone. As a designer of 30+ years I am never short of work ...and with todays technology I have clients all over the world.

What steps do you take when you create work that needs to be printed? I am creating an invitation through Photoshop but the graphics I usually create are only for web and print feels like a whole different beast. What criteria to you use for printers

Asked by Lucero about 3 years ago

Designers that work mainly on web make the same mistake all the time ...which is, when asked to do a print design they do it in RGB and low res ...because that is the spec they only know and always work in.

So when doing a print job (such as the invitation you want to do) make sure the document settings are CMYK (not RGB), 300dpi (not 72dpi) and if the design will bleed off the edge of the page allow for at least 3mm bleed (extra space off the edge of the design).

To be honest Photoshop is not the best tool for designing invitations etc. Photoshop should be used for web graphics, photos, image retouching etc. I always use InDesign for this and import any relevent photoshop images I need. Also any vector illustrations i need i do in Illustrator.

Hope this helps

My company is trying to sell a logo design, they have never done logo design and want to use my previous work with agencies as examples of work they did / could do. I told them no since they have no ownership to these logos? I was told I must. Do I ?

Asked by Oxford.Comma about 3 years ago

If you designed the logos while working for the company on a contract and they paid you a wage ...no you do not own the logos. But if you designed them outside of that company they do not have any rights to use them to promote themselves. It is up to you to decide whether they can use them or not ...but deal with it in a sensible way as you do not want to lose your job. Good luck

Do you know any websites where I can get a Mockup for Roll Stickers?

Asked by Razan almost 3 years ago

Hi Razan, not sure I understand the question ...but I guess whatever you are searching for ...Google is always the answer ...I find everything I need there. Sorry I cant be anymore help.

wht r the qualifications requried to do graphics and animation

Asked by shiva almost 3 years ago

As above answer

Hi I am working on my site and I am not a drawer at all so I found some photos that were not copy written to use on my homepage site. What I am trying to figure out is how to animate the photos I found. Like what software can I use to add motion

Asked by Nancy almost 3 years ago

Hi Nancy, when you say animate that could mean many different things. But if you mean fade in and out of each other etc you can do that in photoshop using the timeline option ...also you can use the program After Effects. These are expensive programs if you do not already own them. I am sure there are free alternatives out there somewhere but not sure myself, you will need to do a google search.

Hi paul One of my work to design a Logo using the Zombie Character especially women ,I tried several times designing the logo but unfortunately my client disagree with the designs.

Asked by Harshavardhan almost 3 years ago

Did you agree on a price and are you following her brief? ...and did you take 50% up front? Unfortunately at the end of the day if the client is paying you and the brief hasnt changed from the original, you need to get it right for them.

But if you have had many attempts and they are still not happy you need to ask them if they have seen any designs that they like the look of for you to see the exact style they are looking for. But if that doesnt work you may have to say that you have already put a lot of time into it and need ask for more money if they want you to continue. 

What is the advantage to sending an image in a "stacked" format. I am attempting to have the image printed but the graphic designer sent me the file as "stacked".

Asked by Mark almost 3 years ago

To be honest I have never heard of a 'Stacked Image' ...so did a google earch on it and came up with this link... http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/tutorials/image-stacking-fstop.htm ...not sure if that is what you mean but this link seems to give you an answer.

What is the course which would help me in full fledged professional learning of matte painting ? Is it the same as digital painting ? What topics it involves ?

Asked by Smriti almost 3 years ago

As above, I am purely graphic design and do not get involved in matte or digital painting so am not aware of courses in this subject. Sorry I cannot be of more help.

Your reply to my question was "I m purely graphic design & don't get involved in matte or digital painting". Fine, but I m confused now. Does it mean Graphic Design isn't related to Digital or Matte Painting at all even if its done in Photoshop?

Asked by Smriti almost 3 years ago

I design logos, magazines, marketing materials etc... thats what a graphic designer does. It depends on what you mean by digital painting ...if you mean creating a work of art with photoshop etc, that makes you a digital artist, of which I am not. As part of my design skills I do manipulate and retouch photos ...but all designers have to do that at some point in their career. I see many people say they are a graphic designer just because they own photoshop ...but they do not know how to design. I hope that answers your question. 

is graphics done after inter second year

Asked by shiva almost 3 years ago

To be honest I do not know. I went to Art School over 30 years ago and am now in my 50's. So I guess things may be very different now. I suggest contacting the college itself to ask this question.

Hi,

How is this effect made on the pictures? Thanks in advance!

http://postimg.org/gallery/1x3hwilpw/4103a131/

Asked by Dale over 2 years ago

The way I do it is that I draw over the photo in illustrator so I have a vector version I can colour (see my profile pic). But the other option is to place the photo into Adobe Illustrator and use the trace option to convert to vector and then convert to live paint to manually change the colours. You may have to experiment with the settings in the trace option to get the look you require.

 

Hi, I would like to learn digital painting and excel in matte painting as well. I want to what is the difference between both ? And how can I learn them ? I am a graphic designer and know basic painting in Photoshop. What are the softwares required ?

Asked by Smriti almost 3 years ago

I am purely graphic design and do not get involved in matte or digital painting so am not aware of the difference or the software requirements. Sorry I cannot be of more help.

Do employers care about diplomas over certificate when hiring a graphic designer?

Asked by Courtney over 2 years ago

When I see recruitment adverts for graphic designers I see that a lot are asking for at least 2 - 3 years experience and some kind of degree. So they do help ...but at the end of the day it is your portfolio and creativity that will get you the job. Before I was freelance all the jobs I had I was never asked for my diploma certificate (I did have one) ...but it was my portfilo that got me the job. Hope this helps.

Do I must have to be a perfect on drawing by hand to be a graphic designer? I am good working on Adobe software's.

Asked by michael over 2 years ago

No not really, but it does help. But the main thing about being a designer is being creative. It doesnt matter how good you are on the Adobe software, if you are not creative then it means nothing. Its like saying 'I know how to use a oven so does that make me a chef' ...no it doesnt. There are too many people out there that think just because they have a computer with photoshop etc that are now suddenly designers ..sorry but it doesnt work like that. I may sound harsh but I see so much bad design out there that has been done by so called designers ...I know all potential designers have to start somewhere ...but the first starting point is to be creative ...not the software you use ...and being creative on paper is a good starting point.

Even under an alias, will doing commissions for adult work inhibit a young artist from finding good paying illustrator or graphic design jobs?

Asked by sandy134 over 2 years ago

Only do the commisiions for the adult work if it is paying well and if you are worried it may inhibit you for other work just do not put it in your portfolio ...and as you said, use an alias. I have designed adverts for porn mags and even a porn DVD catalogue for client ...but this sort of work never goes in my portfolio as it will not help me get other work ...it just cheapens my work. I only designed it as the money was good.

What makes Graphic design special?

Asked by Sha over 2 years ago

They must have superb creative skills with ability to use the latest design software but be able to be creative on paper as well as the computer. Also must think out of the box when designing.Ability to adapt their design skills to suit the client (and listen to the clients needs). Be able to design many different things ...not just logos or just flyers etc. I employed a junior once and she was good a brochures but when I started to give her logos she was unable to design a decent one ...and then admitted she couldnt design logos ...a true (special) graphic designer can design anything.

Hope that answers your question.

Have you ever gotten to design movie posters or t-shirts? What's the hardest part of doing the design?

Asked by newliving over 2 years ago

Back in 1981 I did work in the music and video industry in London so got to design record sleeves, t-shirts and posters for new record and video releases. But didn't design a movie poster as such. All this was before computers so a lot of the design work was done as marker pen visuals then I was off to a photo studio to direct the photographer with the product or models ...all fantastic for me as I was only 19 at the time. Coming up with a design was not difficult ...if you are creative a passionate about design (as I am) ...the design process flows. In 1988 I was working in Los Angeles designing purely t-shirt graphics ...again this was beore computers were used for design work and so all my designs had to be hand drawn ready to be burnt onto the silk screens. This was more difficult than doing marker pen visuals as the drawings (including hand lettering) had to be accurate). I remember the LA Dodgers were in the World Series in '88 and I was on standby to design their official celebration t-shirts if they one. They did win and had to work through the night doing 2 versions ...one in English and one in Spanish because the 'pitcher' was Mexican ...so it was for the Mexican fans. I already had sketched out ideas so knew what to design.

Nowadays coming up with design ideas is a lot easier as we have the internet at our fingertips to do research ...as long as you do not copy, ideas are out there to get inspiration from.

I created a vector in Illustrator CS6 from a photograph of a dandelion, made into a logo. I used live trace to create the vector file. But now the printer is saying The new vector file is jagged and multicolored. Can you help me smooth to 3 colors?

Asked by BPeace about 2 years ago

Using live trace is a very rough option for turning photos into vectors ...the results will never be perfect and will always result in tidying up rough edges by removing points on the path and recurving the line to how you want it. You can play with the settings and choose the option of how many colours you want the end result to be ...but you still may have to tidy it up after.

I prefer not to use live trace and always place the photo into Illustrator and draw the image over the top and add in the colours after. Once finished I remove the photo.

Hope this helps.

I'm new to printing industry, setting Illustrator files for foiling, uv stamp, glitter, emboss etc. Some say the colour of the treatment layer should be 100% black, some say it should be a spot colour(which one?)? Which is correct?

Asked by Nita over 2 years ago

100% black is always the safest to use as you know it definitely doesnt have a mix of any other colour in it.

Is the salary equivalent to the work performed by being a graphic designer?

Asked by Tamy over 2 years ago

That's a bit of an open question ...it depends on who you work for, in what country and your experience. If you are good and working for a good company then yes the salary is equivalent to the work you do. In some companies you are paid for what you are worth to the company and according to your experience. I am freelance so charge according to my experience. Hope this helps

How do they create the Human Pixel art used on fiverr? example https://www.fiverr.com/arthimedes/draw-with-nude-protesters-joining-your-cause-clothes-optional?funnel=2014121817473994016724760

Asked by Duvall over 2 years ago

To be honest, I don't really know. I guess the only way is to do as the guy on the link is offering ...to have someone like him draw the people (a big job) or have an ariel view photo of people in the shape they are required ...other that that I am not sure ...you may have to Google the answer.

What is the best piece of advice you could give to an aspiring Graphic Designer?

Asked by Alicia over 2 years ago

Be adaptable. Always meet deadlines however late you need to work. Never give clients a design if you are not happy with the artwork ...asking for a little more time is better than giving a bad job to them ...it's your reputation at stake. Do not copy other people work, especially logos. Do not use clip art. Take criticism constructively. Always keep up to date with the latest design trends. Never stop learning. Follow other designers work for inspiration. I could go on, but I think I have covered the main things. Hope this helps.

How would you define branding? ??What is the role of the designer in branding? And why do you think branding is important?

Asked by lorena over 2 years ago

A brand is more than just a logo ...it is a powerful tool that is in the public eye all the time which needs to reassure the consumers that the product etc is the best in their field. A logo usually takes a couple of days to get right ...but a brand can take months with many meetings with the client and lost of research by the designer. Branding is very important for big companies as it is stuck with them for a long long time and will always be remembered ...for example Coca cola and Apple etc.

what do you mean by Hip flyer

Asked by fajju over 2 years ago

To be very honest I do not know ...all I can guess that it means a cool designed flyer ...but, as I said that is a complete guess ...you may have to Google this one.

Dear Sir,
I'd like to ask you a question about more technical stuff than using the specific programme-why downloaded images in Adobe Photoshop are distorted-elongated when rotated 90 degree clockwise, also why A4 new document in Ward becomes square?

Asked by annabrwn97@gmail.com over 1 year ago

Hi, I guess I have to very honest here and say I do not know ...it has never happened to me before and I have not known it to happen, so unfortunately I cannot help with an answer. Also Word it not a program I use so cannot help there too.

What is minimal design??

Asked by Nirbhay over 1 year ago

Minimal design is a design with a lot of white space, very little colour and nicely laid out text. Hope this helps

Can you please explain range of terminologies that are commonly practiced in page and design layout?

Asked by Clara over 1 year ago

Well there are so many to list ...the easiest thing to do is to give you this link with an existing list: https://quizlet.com/9951659/layout-design-terminology-flash-cards/ ....this is not all by no least but it is a start and hopefully some help to you.

What do you call this type of design or typography
http://www.google.com.pk/imgres?imgurl=http://www.f-covers.com/cover/jesus-grey-facebook-cover-timeline-banner-for-fb.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.f-covers.com/cat/other/&h=314&w=850&tbnid=D2odw7w__IBTFM

Asked by Saad Ahmad over 1 year ago

As far as I am aware there is not a particular name for this type of typography. I just tried to google an answer but could not find anything. But please let me know if you find an answer as I would be interested to know if if they was a special name for it.

Sorry if this question has been asked before but do I have to draw well to be a graphic designer? I don't want to give up yet cz this is my dream job T_T

Asked by jasmine over 1 year ago

Hi Jasmine, yes that question has been asked before and her is the same answer I gave ...hope it helps:

No not really, but it does help. But the main thing about being a designer is being creative. It doesnt matter how good you are on the Adobe software, if you are not creative then it means nothing. Its like saying 'I know how to use a oven so does that make me a chef' ...no it doesnt. There are too many people out there that think just because they have a computer with photoshop etc that are now suddenly designers ..sorry but it doesnt work like that. I may sound harsh but I see so much bad design out there that has been done by so called designers ...I know all potential designers have to start somewhere ...but the first starting point is to be creative ...not the software you use ...and being creative on paper is a good starting point. 

How many years would it take for me to be a freelance designer? I would like to know because it is my dream job to be a freelance Graphic Designer.

Asked by DJ over 1 year ago

Well I am not sure how college courses last for nowadays. I was at art and design college back in the late 70's and had a 3 year course to get my qualifications.

I do not recommend going straight into being freelance ...you need to get experience within a company or design agency first to get a realistic view on how it works in this industry. So I guess (if you havent already) enrol into a design course first, then after a few years you really need to find a job within a company before thinking about being freelance.

Hope this helps

I have a few questions: 1. What are the general qualifications required for graphic designing. 2. The necessary educational background. 3. The availability of suitable training. 4. Salary Ranges. 5. The benefits. 6. The potential for advancement

Asked by Lorna 12 months ago

To be honest I am not up with the qualifications and educational background these days as I done all my college training in the late 70's (well before computers) and so it has changed drastically since then. You need to contact your local college or university to speak about what requirements you need to study for and what is available at the college to get you that far.

Salary ranges can vary according to your experience ...for example, straight from college you will be classed as a junior and the wage will be low ...you need to work your way up the ladder to earn good money. I do not recommend going straight into freelance work, I suggest getting some agency experience first as it is a tough world out there in this field and lots of competition worldwide.

The benefits of being a graphic designer is that you get to do what you love every day and be creative every day ...but be warned you do get very boring and not so creative jobs to do a lot of the time depending who you work for.

The potential for advancement depends again on who you work for ...but usually takes quiet a for years working hard to get to the top. I started in 1981 forking for great companies around the world ...but only now (after 8 years working for myself) my company has merged with a large media company and has probably secured me an early retirement (fingers crossed) ...so you have to be very patient as I have ...unless you get a lucky break early on in your career.

Hope this helps.

I'm having a hard time deciding on a name. As of right now I'm going between Black Pooka and Pooka Studio. Is Pooka a good choice? Is it stupid?unprofessional? too obscure or confusing? Will I hate it when I'm 40? (I'm a 22 year old college student)

Asked by Marina about 1 year ago

Well at the end of the day it is down to your personal preference ...but I must admit that I went through many different names early in my career ...and looking back some of the names where ridiculous ...so when I was older I kept it more professional ...and now my company name is my actual name with the word Design on the end. But when you come up with names like Black Pooka ..yes it is a cool and funky name, but make sure that it will stay cool and funky, the logo should reflect that and you need a story behind the name that gives a good reason why it is called that. Hope this helps.

What would you say is the most important activity you do as a Graphic Designer?

Asked by Jack 12 months ago

Well apart from being creative ...time management is crucial. There is nothing worse than missing an important deadline. You need to take control of how your time is spent in a working day and project manage each job you have to make sure you do not let any client down with bad timings. In your time management make sure you also allow time to market yourself via social media, blogs, email campaigns etc.

I love graphic design and other than a web developer course I took once. I'm not very trained, but I have dabbled in it as an amerteaur for years. I see the outstanding talent out there in the field. Is there any need for someone like me in the field

Asked by mcmjuly about 1 year ago

Loving graphic design and being good at it are 2 different things. If you are very creative, fantastic at design and know your design softwares inside out there is always a need for you out there. And it is always a bonus if you are a good web developer too.

But if you are poor at design you will struggle ...apart from getting small underpaid jobs from clients you will not make money from it.

You need to be creative on paper as well as on the computer to impress bigger clients. I have been in this industry since 1981 and so been creative well before computers. I am never short of clients and have even recently merged with a large media company as they saw my potential to help grow their company.

If you are only average at design but better at web development I think you should concentrate on the web side of things and only offer a bit of graphic design on the side as part of the web package. You will make more money this way.

Hope this helps

I'm a fresher in the field of illustration who wishes to build a portfolio. Just wanted to find out how to make a good one when I only have a few projects in hand and most of it being self motivated projects.
Would really really appreciate some adv

Asked by Shey 9 months ago

Firstly the best place to create a portfolio is at www.behance.com ...it not only showcases your work but (if your work is good enough) you may generate clients from it from around the world. You can also sync this portfolio with your own personal web address at www.myportfolio.com (at a very small cost per month). That is where I host my website ( www.paulscottondesign.com ).

As for building up your portfolio work, carry on with the self motivated work ...in turn that may very well create paying clients. You just need to start promoting it on the web via social media etc. Set up a Facebook business page, Linked in page and Twitter account.

Another good place to do work for your portfolio is www.99designs.com ...although I am dead against sites like this (as I find them an insult to the graphic design professionals) ...if it helps a newbie to build up a portfolio all well and good. And if your design/illustrations are chosen you make a bit of money too.

Hope this helps.

Hi, I'm am a complete novice in graphic design. But I want to create my own educational posters for children. I just want to know what is the best software to use as I want the posters to be bright bold with lots if child friendly images? Thanks.

Asked by JJBOO89 8 months ago

Its not just the software that makes a good poster it is also you as a creative ...software is a tool the creative thinking comes from you.

As a professional I use the Adobe Creative Suite ...Illustrator, Photoshop and InDesign ...but you may be looking for a free alternative as that option is pricey for a novice. But unfortunately I cannot help you with any ideas for free or cheap alternatives and suggest a Google search as I am sure there are many solutions out there ...and if you get good you might make money and that can afford the Adobe Creative Suite ...good luck.

Hey I downloaded a vector set of background type images, when I open the eps file all of the backgrounds are fused together into one image with text over the top, how do I separate the images so I can use which ones I want? I'm using Inkscape. thanks

Asked by Lou 5 months ago

Hi Lou, without seeing the file itself I am not sure how the file is fused together. It may be rasterized or an embedded jpg ...in which case you will not be able to separate it. But if it is still as a vector you can select the background then ungroup ...you might have to do it a few times to break it down. Or if it will not ungroup you will need to use the direct selection tool to select each individual part of the background then copy or delete the parts you want or do not want. Unfortunately this is how you do it in illustrator ...I do not know how to do it in Inkscape as it is a program I have never used. Good luck.

Can you use Photoshop for commercial printing or do you have to have InDesign? Thanks!

Asked by Sarah about 1 month ago

Yes to a point but you will struggle and maybe miss out on a lot of clients. Photoshop is not a design tool or a print tool ...it is for retouching, colour correcting and image manipulation. Indesign is a tool for bringing together design elements and photos from Illustrator and photoshop. A lot of clients will send you print jobs as a PDF but some will send as either an InDesign or Illustrator file ...and some may ask for or you may require to do some adjustments before printing. With photoshop you are restricted to one page images and will not be able to do magazines or multipage documents. My advice is to buy the whole creative suite otherwise you will not survive as a commercial printer. Hope this helps

Hi! I'm starting a swimwear line, and I hired a graphic designer to design my designs graphically on illustrator so i can send them to a manufacturer. What details do i need to provide the graphic designer with? Just pictures will suffice? etc...TY!!

Asked by Lexi 3 months ago

Hi Lexi,

Without sounding rude, to be honest, the obvious thing would be to ask your graphic designer what he requires from you to do the designs as he is the one that will be doing it. If it was me you were asking I would require a full brief on the project outlining your exact requirements and what your end result needs to be. I would need to know sizes, preference to colours, sketches of what you envisage and how you plan to print them so I know what format you require the final approved artworks in. Then your designer can provide you with an accurate quote. I am an expert in Illustrator and used to design t-shirt graphics for silk screening in Los Angeles so if you need a quote on the designs I am happy do do so. You can contact me on info@paulscottondesign.com

hello I'm having a website designed. When viewing on a smart phone the lettering looks fine but when you view it on a PC the lettering looks too small. What could be done so it looks uniform on all platforms? Thanks

Asked by James 10 days ago

Unfortunately I am just a graphic designer that is purely creative ...I have no knowledge on technical issues with web design. You will need to ask the web designer that is designing your website. Sorry I cannot help